Blackcurrant Gloriosa: main characteristics of the variety
Recently, a relatively new, but good grade of Gloriosa blackcurrant has been gaining popularity among Russian farmers. The variety is really impressive with its list of advantages. Below you will find a description of the variety and the basic rules for growing.
Gloriosa blackcurrant variety description
Gloriosa black currant is a crop with exceptional winter hardiness. This is a high-yielding mid-season variety with pronounced resistance to most diseases. The variety is recommended for cultivation in Western Siberia, however, farmers from different regions leave positive reviews about the cultivation of Gloriosa.
Did you know? Cultural forms of currants began to grow in the XI century.
The Gloriosa blackcurrant variety was developed by specialists of the Novosibirsk ZPYaOS. The originators are Belykh A. M., Degtyareva A. I., Potapenko A. A. and Sorokopudov V. N. To obtain the variety, the varieties Odzhebin and Iskitimsky were crossed. Gloriosa currant was included in the State Register in 2002.
Appearance, characteristics of berries, ripening time, yield
The plant has the appearance of a slightly spreading bush with branches of medium growth. The shoots are covered with a brown, slightly glossy bark, slightly curved. Leaves are five-lobed, bright green.
The fruits are large in size. The weight of the berries varies from 1.7 to 2.7 g. The shape of the currant is rounded. The skin is strong, black. The pulp is dense, sweet, with a fragrant finish. Berry ripening is average. Farmers manage to remove up to 2.7 kg of crop from the bush.
The chemical composition indicated by the originators is as follows:
- Vitamin C - 98.1 mg per 100 g;
- sugar - 13.6%.
Advantages and disadvantages of the variety
- The Gloriosa variety has several significant advantages:
- high yields;
- dessert flavor;
- winter hardiness;
- resistance to anthracnose, powdery mildew and kidney mites.
- The disadvantages of the variety are called by farmers:
- poor resistance to septoria and gall aphids;
- exactingness to pruning.
Did you know? As a black food coloring, many cooks use currant juice. Dishes painted with it can be eaten even by children.
Growing agricultural technology includes the rules of planting and subsequent care of plantings. The subsequent development of the bushes and fruiting depend on how far the gardener follows agricultural standards.
Seat selection and landing
For planting a crop, a site open for solar lighting is selected. It is advisable to protect the territory from sharp winds. The soil should be fertile, slightly acidic. It is optimal to plant currants in loam or sandstone. It is advisable to choose a drained substrate so that moisture does not stagnate in the region of the root system.
Planting of seedlings is carried out in early spring before the start of sap flow or in late autumn, when the growing season ends. 2 weeks before planting, dig a planting pit 0.4 m deep and 0.5 m wide. Pour a mixture of 10 kg humus, 100 g superphosphate and 45 g potassium chloride onto the bottom of the hole. On top of fertilizers, lay out a 10-centimeter layer of soil.
Direct landing is carried out according to the following algorithm:
- A seedling is placed in the landing pit at an angle of 45 °.
- Spread the root system of the bush.
- Fill the pit with soil so that the root neck is at a depth of 5 cm underground.
For irrigation around the circumference of the trunk circle, a 5–10 cm deep trench is made. Water is poured into this depression. Humidification is needed as needed, no more than 1 time per week. For one irrigation, 20-30 liters of water are poured under the bush.
The most important measures for caring for the crop are irrigation and fertilizer.
In certain periods, watering is frequent up to 1 time in 5 days:
- during the heat;
- when tying fruits;
- during the active ripening of berries.
Important! Do not allow water to get on the leaves - sprinkling, especially in the light of the sun, can cause burns to the leaves.
Fertilizers are required 2 times a year:
- in early spring at the beginning of the growing season - 40-50 g of urea under the bush for the first 3 years after planting, 15-20 g of the same remedy, starting from the 4th year;
- in the autumn after harvesting - 5 kg of compost under the bush.
Pest and Disease Control
One of the advantages of the variety is its high resistance to disease. Bushes are not afraid of powdery mildew and anthracnose. However, the plant can affect septoria. To treat this fungal infection, spraying with a Bordeaux mixture at a concentration of 1% is used. The consumption rate is 1.5 liters per bush.
The Gloriosa variety is also resistant to the kidney tick. However, the plant is very unstable to gall aphids. To remove the parasite, agronomists offer spraying with the Actellic insecticide. 1.5 l of working solution is enough for 10 m² of plantings.
Trimming and shaping a bush
All plant pruning procedures are carried out in early spring, before the start of the growing season, or in autumn, at the end of sap flow.
The formation of the bush begins immediately after planting. All branches are cut by 10-15 cm. Thus, a skeleton of the skeletal branches is obtained. In subsequent years, 3-5 of the strongest specimens are selected from young shoots and pinch their tops. Weak stems are completely cut out. As a result, after the annual forming pruning for the 6th year, 15–20 branches should remain.
Fig. 1. Currant pruning: a - annual seedling; b - a biennial bush; c, d - shortening of shoots. Fig. 2. Currant bush before anti-aging pruning (a), after it (b) and pruning of a neglected bush (c).
Starting from the 7th year, when the bush is formed, sanitary pruning is advisable, in which the branches are removed:
- affected by disease;
- thickening the crown;
- over 6 years old.
The Gloriosa variety is winter-hardy, so you can not shelter the bushes for the winter. It is advisable to mulch the plants with peat, sawdust or fallen leaves before the onset of cold weather.
Harvesting and transportation of crops
Harvested as it ripens - it is not necessary to carry out one harvest, the berries are removed gradually. The keeping quality and transportability of the variety are medium. At a temperature of +1 ... + 3 ° C, the fruits are stored for up to 1 month. It is optimal to store crops in the refrigerator or cellar.
Even a novice gardener can engage in the cultivation of Gloriosa blackcurrant varieties on their site.
High resistance to low temperatures and diseases will be an excellent help for a farmer without much experience. Undoubtedly, it will take a lot of effort to grow, but as a reward, the bushes will delight you with a tasty and healthy crop.
Important! Throw away spoiled berries at once. Fungal spores that are dangerous to human health can be in the fruits. With joint storage, the infection from diseased fruits passes to healthy ones.