Japanese honeysuckle - a type of decorative honeysuckle, characteristics
Recently, decorative honeysuckle has gained wide popularity among gardeners. With its curly branches you can create incredible compositions that cover banal fences and hedges. The culture does not require special and complex care, therefore, only with proper planting and timely top dressing is it possible to grow it on your site.
Description of the decorative honeysuckle honeysuckle Japanese
An ornamental plant in the wild can be found in southern Europe and the Caucasus. It grows in forests with moist soil and with plenty of sunlight.
Appearance, characteristics of creepers
Honeysuckle in the presence of supports can grow up to 3-5 m in height. Mostly shoots are grades of gray-green hue, but in the sun they get a reddish color. The plant gains decorativeness from the arrangement of ellipsoidal leaves. In the center that they formed, a flower of any color is formed: red, pink or white.
Important! The fruits of the variety are used only for medicinal purposes.
By the beginning of autumn, orange berries appear on the branches. With proper care, Japanese honeysuckle can grow more than 10 years, but not in regions where harsh winters. At a very low temperature, the plant freezes and dies.
Advantages and disadvantages of the species
- Experienced gardeners highlight the advantages of creepers:
- good decorative look to decorate the site;
- not difficult care;
- long flowering time;
- active growth rate.
Intensive propagation is considered the main disadvantage of the variety. Without timely pruning, the vine can grow greatly.
Did you know? Some researchers claim that the smell of honeysuckle helps to overcome stress, nervousness.
Varieties of Japanese Honeysuckle
Among most varieties, gardeners distinguish such:
|Botanical Description||Growing Features||Healing properties|
|Aureoreticulate||It is a climbing plant, up to 1 m high. Green leaves with yellow veins. During the season, the color of the flowers changes from white to yellow. Inedible fruits of a violet hue and small size.||It is grown on a support or trellis in a sunny place.||there is|
|Halls Prolife||Tall plant, up to 5 m in height, with curly shoots. The cream-colored flowers are tubular in shape and gradually become bright yellow.||Can grow in poor soil in partial shade.||there is|
|Red World||Curly shrub reaching a height of up to 7 m. The leaves are elliptical, dark green in color. The flowers are bright red in color with a pleasant aroma. The fruits are edible, bittersweet taste.||The variety prefers to grow in cool places.||there is|
|Mesh||Fragrant climbing vine about 2 m in length. The leaves are oval in shape with a golden mesh. The flowers are creamy, with a purple tint. After flowering, small black berries appear.||A fast-growing vine grows in bright places.||there is|
|Purpurea||Evergreen climbing vine reaching a height of 4 m. In summer, the leaves are green, and in winter they change their color to purple. Initially, the flowers are white, which during the season turns yellow; black berries, unsuitable for consumption.||Grows in drained and fresh soil in a bright place.||there is|
Only with the organization of good care and compliance with agricultural technology can a good decorative culture be achieved.
With a place for planting, you need to decide before buying seedlings. It must be supported. Although the plant is unpretentious, it will not tolerate a transplant from place to place.Planting crops is necessary where there is a sufficient amount of sunlight.
Important! The plant is not fed for the first two years.
Honeysuckle does not like excessive amounts of moisture, so there should be no swamps or adjacent groundwater nearby the landing site. The plant prefers neutral soil, the pH should be between 7–9.
Landing and care
If you want to create a hedge, you need to dig a trench for planting seedlings with a depth of 20-30 cm. If not, then just a hole of the same size. Seedlings are planted in pre-prepared soil, instilled and poured with water.The variety of this honeysuckle must be regularly fed with mineral substances. It is important to fertilize during the flowering period.. In autumn and winter, wood ash is poured under the bush.Watering occurs once a week, but in dry weather it must be done twice. After each process of applying water, the soil is loosened and cleaned of weeds.
Pest and Disease Control
Although honeysuckle honeysuckle is a sustainable culture, there are diseases that can affect it. Powdery mildew is no exception. Her symptom is twisting of leaves, which at the same time acquire a brown tint. You can cope with it with a weak solution of colloidal sulfur or potassium permanganate.
When tuberculosis in honeysuckle shoots begin to dry up. Infected branches must be cut and destroyed. Honeysuckle also has pests that can destroy or reduce the level of crop productivity.
- Fingerfly Caterpillar It feeds on the berries of the plant, as a result of which the appearance of the bush deteriorates.
- No less dangerous pest is considered caterpillar leaflet, which sucks the juices from the leaves, which leads to the death of honeysuckle.
You can defeat insects with infusions on pepper or cinnamon. Pests do not tolerate pungent odors, so you can treat the plant with vodka.
Pruning and shaping creepers
Sanitary pruning and the formation of vines occurs in autumn or early spring each year. It is necessary to trim old and infected branches. The honeysuckle that is more than 5–6 years old is involved in this procedure.
Use in landscape design
Honeysuckle honeysuckle is often referred to as an element in landscape design. It is used to decorate arbors, arches, as well as to mask fences. If you plant a crop along the fence, you get a real hedge.
The healing properties of honeysuckle
Honeysuckle honeysuckle is used in folk medicine as a means to treat various diseases.
Did you know? Berries enhance the secretory function of the stomach, increasing the digestive capacity.
Indications for use
- Doctors recommend using a culture:
- with chronic cystitis;
- with severe pain in the stomach;
- with angina or pharyngitis;
- with baldness;
- with colds.
Contraindications, side effects
Honeysuckle is used in the form of a therapeutic agent only after the advice of a doctor. In no case should poisonous berries be used, which can cause vomiting and indigestion. The culture looks great on the site, because in the summer, a bright composition can please its beauty.