Rosehip May Apple: growing, benefits and harms
You can decorate a garden or a personal plot with the help of an incredibly beautiful and useful plant - May rose hips of the Apple variety. This plant serves not only as a hedge, but its fruits also have a positive effect on human health.
Apple rosehips belong to the Pink family. There are several names for this shrub - apple rose, hairy or shaggy dogrose, Rosa villosa L.
Did you know? Scientists prove that already at the end of the Ice Age, people ate rosehips.
He got this name thanks to the fruits, which have a flat-rounded apple shape. Berries reach a weight of 13 g. First they turn yellow, then they begin to blush on the sides. The taste of berries is sweet and sour. Ripen in late August or early September. The variety has high productivity - up to 3-4 kg of berries. The bushes are straight-growing, small in size. Begin to bloom in May - July for twenty days.
The most common habitats of this variety are in Southern and Western Europe, Scandinavia, Central Siberia, southern Russia, and the East. Rosehip has little sensitivity to low temperatures and can freeze in severe frosts, but by the summer you can expect the emergence of new young shoots.
The composition of the fruits of this plant includes all the substances necessary for the human body, such as:
- ascorbic acid (vitamin C);
- vitamins of group B, K, P, A, E;
- tannins, tannins;
- organic acids (malic, citric);
- trace elements (iron, phosphorus, magnesium, potassium, manganese, calcium, zinc);
- sugar (glucose, fructose - up to 18%);
Useful and healing properties
Due to its rich chemical composition, Apple Rosehip has many useful healing properties. This plant exhibits antitoxic, anti-inflammatory, tonic, astringent, choleretic, antiseptic, diuretic, hemostatic effect. Positive effect on the functioning of the gonads.A large amount of vitamin C enhances immunity. B vitamins have a positive effect on the cardiovascular system, thyroid gland, hair, skin, nails. Vitamin P helps restore the liver after illness, normalizes blood pressure during hypotension, and prevents the occurrence of atherosclerosis.
Vitamin K improves metabolic processes in bone and connective tissues and increases the efficiency of the kidneys. Helps with arthritis, rheumatism, cystitis, kidney stone disease. Tannins are used to treat inflammatory skin diseases and burns. With the help of trace elements, the work of the gastrointestinal tract is normalized.
Apple hips are also used for respiratory diseases, scurvy, paralysis, trophic ulcers and pressure sores. Berry juice quenches thirst and increases appetite.
The use of rose hips
For therapeutic purposes, use all parts of the rosehip - fruits, flowers, roots, leaves. From them you can prepare a decoction, infusion, vitamin drink or tea. Berries, peeled from seeds, are used for making jam, jam, jam. Also, pharmacological organizations are engaged in the production of tablets, pills, syrups, extracts of medicines, fees from rose hips.
Important! Alcohol tinctures are contraindicated in hypertensive patients, since they increase pressure, and water infusions are contraindicated in hypotensive patients, since they lead to a decrease in pressure.
The presence of a large number of chemicals in the fruit can lead to undesirable consequences.
- Therefore, decoctions and preparations from the fruits of this plant are not recommended for people with diseases such as:
- circulatory disorders, thrombophlebitis;
- heart disease, endocarditis;
- gastritis with high acidity, ulcer;
- constipation, flatulence;
- some dermatological diseases.
Planting and breeding species
The best time to plant a rose hip is mid-autumn (October - November). The plot for the Apple variety must be elevated, well-lit, have fertile, moderately moist, slightly alkaline soil. Unsuitable places for landing are those in which groundwater flows closer than 1.5 m to the surface.Apple rosehip is not a self-fertile plant, so additional pollinators are needed to bear fruit. For this, several bushes of plants of different varieties should be planted not far from each other.
May Apple Rosehip Planting Algorithm:
- Prepare the soil on the site, create the desired acidity using limestone fertilizers, compost, manure.
- Dig holes of 0.5 m² in size at a distance of 1.2–1.5 meters from each other. Leave small mounds of earth in them. Add a mixture of superphosphate and potassium sulfate into the pit.
- Lower the plant sapling into the hole, spread the roots and fill it all up with earth.
- The planting process is completed by watering the planted rosehip bushes.
There are several types of breeding rose hips. For this procedure, different parts of the plant can be used:
- root offspring.
Seeds for planting are harvested at the end of summer from unripe fruits. You can plant them in the spring, but it is better to choose the time in September or October. Plant seeds in a row to a depth of 2 cm and at a distance of more than 6 cm.
To plant seedlings, their branches need to be cut to 10 cm, and for better growth, roots should also be shortened to 18 cm. For planting cuttings, you need to cut them with an oblique cut and place in a growth activator. They are grown in a pot under a film and then transplanted into the soil.Rosehip can be propagated by root offspring in two ways:
- The first involves the separation of the offspring when it reaches more than 30 cm.
- According to the second method, the subordinate bush is separated only after the appearance of the roots.
Garden rosehips are unpretentious in leaving. The main thing is compliance with the basic rules of watering, fertilizing and pruning a plant.
Apple rose is resistant to drought, but loves moderately moist soil. Therefore, watering in hot weather should be carried out about 5 times a season with three buckets of water for young bushes and five for those that bear fruit. On average, in normal weather, the plant should be watered 4 times.
Did you know? Dogrose flowers can be used to determine the time. They begin to open around five in the morning, and close at about 8 in the evening.
The first two years after planting, you need to feed it with superphosphate and potassium salt. It should be carried out three times during the year - early spring, end of June, September. After two years, top dressing is done once every three years.
To collect fruits, you need to prepare the right clothes and tight gauntlets to protect your hands from thorns. The fruits should be picked before the onset of cold weather, when the fruits turn red (August - mid-autumn).
Important! Usually, all berries do not have time to ripen at the same time, so harvesting is carried out several times.
Pests and diseases
Among the main pests are more common such as:
- wingfly - eats fruits, reduces productivity;
- spider mite - eats leaf juice, leads to their decay, poor fruit development and low productivity;
- rose sawfly - destroys the shoots;
- leaflet - leads to curl of the leaves.
You can destroy these pests with the help of insecticides, insectoacaricides (against ticks) or an infusion of garlic and laundry soap.
Diseases of the apple rosehip are similar to the diseases of his relative of the rose. The most common disease is rust, which affects the entire plant and leads to the fall of berries and leaves. To combat it, a Topaz solution is used, calculated as one ampoule of 2 ml per ten liters of water.
No less dangerous disease is black spotting. In the photo, the gardener can see that it manifests itself in the form of dark spots that first affect the leaves and then the whole bush, so the leaves fall, and the yield decreases. White plaque on the leaves and shoots appears due to powdery mildew. For the treatment of bushes, Bordeaux fluid or copper chloride should be used, while cutting off all damaged parts.
Thus, Apple Rosehip is a great option for creating an unusual landscape and getting tasty and healthy fruits. At the same time, the plant is not whimsical in care and gives a large crop.