Honeysuckle Persistent: characteristics, advantages and disadvantages
The abundance of edible varieties of honeysuckle testifies to the great interest of breeders in this culture. In turn, this interest is due to the demand for honeysuckle from consumers and gardeners. The saturation of honeysuckle fruits with useful substances, together with the very early ripening of berries, attracts more and more fans to this plant. Read more about the variety of Edible Honeysuckle Resistant and other frost-resistant varieties of this crop for cold regions, read on in the article.
Variety selection history
Breeders of the South Ural Research Institute of Horticulture and Potato, located in the village of Shershni, Chelyabinsk Region. RF, received a variety of edible honeysuckle Resistant from a seedling of a variety Altai honeysuckle through its free pollination. In 1994, the variety was introduced in the State Register of the Russian Federation for the Ural region.
Did you know? The etymology of the word “honeysuckle” goes back to the words “life” and “youth”. It is clear that people will not associate such concepts with any horrible plants, which testifies to the long-standing respect that people have for honeysuckle.
The honeysuckle variety Resistant is a tall bush with a crown that does not differ in sparseness. She has straight and thick shoots. They are painted in purple. It is covered with a matte coating. The foliage at the bush is oval-elongated dark green in color.
The name of the variety under discussion is speaking, which indicates its resistance to frost and certain diseases. The lack of drought tolerance also refers to the characteristics of the plant, as described below. In addition, the important properties of the culture include its fruiting and productivity. The plant description is completed by listing its positive qualities and shortcomings.
Frost and drought resistance
This honeysuckle is considered highly winter resistant. It is able to withstand frosts down to -40 ° C. At the same time, the variety, like most honeysuckles, is not drought tolerant. It requires timely and complete watering.
Persistent is a honeysuckle variety of late ripening. Its fruits ripen during August. Yields depending on the care and pollination quality range between 0.42 kg / sq. m and 0.85 kg / sq. m. During the fruiting period, the culture enters 3 years after planting.
Did you know? In addition to the generally recognized advantages of honeysuckle, it has one more that few have heard of. The wood of this plant is so strong that it was from it that in old times they made shoe nails and teeth for rakes.
Advantages and disadvantages
- Judging by the descriptions of gardeners, the Stable variety has the following advantages:
- excellent frost resistance;
- resistance to most diseases and pests;
- high gastronomic conditions of berries;
- universality in use;
- unpretentiousness when leaving;
- good yield;
- good decorative bushes;
- the ability of the fruit to not fall off for a long time in a ripe state.
- The disadvantages of the variety include:
- inability to self-pollination, which forces one to resort to the help of third-party pollinators in the form of planting next honeysuckle plants of other varieties;
- low drought tolerance, characteristic, however, for most varieties of this crop.
Features of the fruit
Berries of the Stand are oval with a tuberous surface, which is painted in blue, powdered with a gray waxy coating. Berries are versatile in application. They are consumed fresh, made juice, boiled jam, used in the confectionery and perfumery industry, frozen, dried and mixed with sugar.The fruits have a mass in the range of 0.8–1.1 g and have a sweet taste with a small bitterness. Tasters, he is estimated at 4.2 points out of 5 possible.
As already mentioned, the persistent honeysuckle variety needs third-party pollinators. To get a good harvest, it is required to plant 3-5 varieties of honeysuckle in a radius of up to 15 m. The most preferred in this case:
- Fire opal;
- Check mark.
Other pollinators are also possible. The main thing is that their flowering time coincides with the flowering period of the Rack.
Planting seedlings of honeysuckle in the open ground is not very difficult, but requires consistency and care.
Most often, honeysuckle seedlings are planted on a selected site in the fall. Honeysuckle, being an early culture, begins the process of sap flow in early March. Meanwhile, agricultural regulations prescribe planting a plant in the soil before it begins.
Therefore, in most cases, it is not possible to combine these rules with thawing the earth. Autumn planting of this plant in the period from late September to early October, with rare exceptions, is successful.
Site selection, well preparation
Persistent grows best in areas that are actively lit and at the same time reliably protected from the influence of winds. Of the soils, loams and sandy loam with the presence of humus are preferred. The soil should retain moisture well, but at the same time not create its excessive presence in order to avoid decay of the plant root system. The best predecessors of honeysuckle, on the site chosen for it, are potatoes, vegetables and other row crops.
In the selected area, before planting seedlings, holes are prepared in advance, for which:
- Pits 0.6 m in diameter and to a depth of 0.4 m are dug in the territory intended for planting.
- Since Resistant does not differ in the spreading of the bush, the distance between adjacent holes can be left up to 1.5 m.
- The upper (most fertile) layer of excavated soil is mixed in the same proportion with humus with the addition of 2 tbsp. l potassium sulfate and the same amount of double superphosphate, as well as 1 cup of wood ash.
- The resulting mixture is poured into the well.
Selection and preparation of planting material
Most actively when planting a honeysuckle plant in a permanent place, rooted cuttings are used as seedlings. The roots on them should be well developed. If seedlings are purchased on the side, then first of all it is necessary to check the integrity of the root system and at the same time, damaged roots should be removed.
Important! It should be noted that young shoots of green color are not suitable for rooting, which mainly rot and do not develop roots. Shoots that already have bark are preferred.
The algorithm for planting seedlings in the selected area is as follows:
- From a prepared and moistened soil mixture, a low tubercle forms at the bottom of the hole.
- It carefully placed the roots of the seedling.
- After this, the hole is covered with the remaining earth. It should be borne in mind that the root neck of a seedling should neither penetrate into the soil nor rise above it, but should be flush with the surface of the earth.
- The seedling is watered at the rate of a bucket of water per 1 bush.
- In order to avoid intensive evaporation of moisture, the poured earth is mulched by means of crushed peat, sawdust or dry humus.
Not tolerant of drought and preferring moist soil, Honeysuckle honeysuckle needs regular and sufficient watering. Therefore, in the absence of rain, it must be watered so often that the soil does not dry out. This in each case is determined by the quality of the soil and weather conditions. Lack of moisture provokes the appearance of excessive bitterness in the berries, as well as their early shedding from the bushes in an immature state. But you should not forget that an excess of moisture in the root system is also unacceptable. If the summer turned out to be warm and with enough rain, honeysuckle plants can only be watered three times during the season.
Video: Honeysuckle Care
Fertilizers introduced during the planting of seedlings provide them with nutrients for the next 2 years. In the spring of the 3rd season, to successfully build green mass, the plant is fed with nitrogen fertilizers in the form of organic or ammonium nitrate at the rate of 15 g per 1 sq. Km. m
Important! To strengthen the immunity of the plant and facilitate the passage of the winter period, it is useful in autumn to introduce potassium fertilizers in the soil around the bushes in the form of cainite at the rate of 50 g per 1 sq. m basal surface.
Harvesting and storage
A feature of honeysuckle is the non-ripening of berries. First, the fruits ripen on the top of the bush, after which the line of berries in the depth of the crown comes up, and then the lower fruits ripen. But this asynchrony in the ripening of berries is leveled by their ability in many varieties, including the Resistant, to hold on to branches in a mature state for some time, not crumbling.
But the collected fruits at room temperature are not stored for more than three days. On the lower shelf of the refrigerator, their shelf life grows to a week. Due to the dense skin and pulp within these terms, honeysuckle berries demonstrate good transportability. To preserve the fruits for a longer period, they are frozen, dried or canned in the form of jams and compotes.
Since the honeysuckle variety Stoikaya is a winter-hardy plant that can withstand severe frosts, this allows it to go through the winter period without special shelter. To strengthen immunity, it is useful in the autumn, as already mentioned, to feed the bush with potash fertilizers.For safety reasons, you can mulch the soil around young plants with:
- chopped peat;
- dry humus;
- dry leaves.
This culture propagates through:
At the same time, gardeners use seed material for reproduction, if they are not involved in breeding activities, extremely rarely. This time-consuming method also differs in the absence of a guarantee that in the end a plant with properties similar to the mother bush will be obtained.
The most common method of propagation of honeysuckle plants is cuttings. To do this, use the average shoots across the current year with the bark formed on them, which are divided into cuttings. They produce a transverse cut 20 mm above the node and oblique 10 mm below it. A leafless stalk is planted in soil that is regularly moistened. About 30 days after planting, the cuttings successfully root.
And if the lower branches of the honeysuckle bush are bent to come into contact with moist ground and strengthened with metal brackets, then they will soon form rooted layers. They are separated from the mother bush, dug up and used in the form of seedlings for planting in the ground at another place.
Diseases and Pests
The name of the plant under discussion also indicates that it is resistant to diseases and pests.Especially good Persistent resists fungal diseases in the form of spotting. However, violation of agricultural rules or too cold and rainy summers can weaken the plant and make it more susceptible to diseases and pest attacks.Among the diseases, powdery mildew is most often manifested, forming a white coating on the foliage resembling cotton wool, which provokes early leaf fall and inhibits the maturation of wood, which in turn reduces the frost resistance of the bush.
To combat the disease, remove the affected parts of the bush and treat the rest with the help of “SCOR”, “Chistotsvet”, “Tiovita Jet” or “Raika” in accordance with the instructions attached to the preparations.
Of the pests, the most actively Persistent attack:
- Honeysuckle striped sawflywhose false caterpillars affect both foliage and fruit. Inta-Vir, Kemifos, Aktellik, Fufanon and Kinmiks proved to be effective anti-pest agents with which plants are sprayed according to the annotations attached to the preparations.
- Variable honeysuckle sawflywhose false caterpillars do harm to the bushes, similar to the harm from the striped sawfly. The ways to deal with this pest are therefore the same as in the previous case.
- Gallica honeysuckle leafwhose larvae deprive foliage of nutritious juices. To combat them, the above insecticides are used.
- Two-year leaflet, which itself and its larvae eat flowers, young shoots and fruits. They also control the pest with the help of the above insecticides in full accordance with the instructions attached to them.
Frost-resistant honeysuckle varieties for cold regions
Breeders managed to breed many honeysuckle varieties that are zoned for regions characterized by cold climatic conditions.
If honeysuckle berries ripen in the first half of June, then they belong to the early varieties of this crop.
It is a low, sprawling large-fruited shrub. Its berries have an elongated cylinder shape, which provided the basis for choosing the name of the variety, and a subtle mixture of sweetness and acid in taste. According to the tasting scale, the taste qualities of Long-fruited are estimated at 4.1 points. Berries are characterized by good keeping quality and transportability. The yield of the bush reaches 2.9 kg.
Just like the previous honeysuckle, it is characterized by large-fruited and characteristic honeysuckle taste of the dessert direction. The gastronomic properties of the fruits of the Amazon on a tasting scale are evaluated by five points out of five possible. But the yield of up to 1.5 kg per 1 bush, the variety can not boast. But at the same time, it is able to withstand low temperatures up to -48 ° C.
This undersized plant produces large spindle-shaped berries, which are characterized by a sweet and sour taste with a slight interspersed bitterness. The variety is not afraid of drought, disease and pests. Demonstrates high productivity in the presence of third-party pollinators. The disadvantages include the strong flaking of ripened berries.
These honeysuckle varieties include plants whose berries ripen in the second half of June and in the first decade of July.
Its low shrub bush gives medium-sized oval-shaped berries, characterized by a balanced taste, consisting of sweet and sour tones. In ripened form, the berries actively fall from the branches. But then Tomichka is very rarely ill and practically is not exposed to pest attacks.
Its medium-sized shrub has a lush crown, in the depths of which large berries ripen with the traditional honeysuckle taste of sweet and sour orientation and a characteristic aroma. They have a delicate skin, but a dense pulp. In a ripe state, the berries hold firmly on the branches.The plant is resistant to disease and is not worried by pests.
Shrub Nymph has a large growth with a beautiful oval crown. Large berries in the form of a spindle are saturated with sweetness, to which a slight astringency and a memorable aroma are unobtrusively added. Ripe fruits remain on the branches for a long time without falling.
To late ripening honeysuckles belong plants whose berries ripen from the last ten days of July and during August.
A compact type of bush, overgrown with a dense crown, of this honeysuckle variety gives blue berries weighing no more than 1 g. They are characterized by high sweetness combined with a memorable aroma. Dessert is able to demonstrate a yield of up to 2.7 kg.
This low, but dense plant produces blue oval fruits weighing up to 1.3 g. One bush can produce up to 3 kg of fruits that differ in taste and aroma, which in mature form can be held on the branches without crumbling. Berries are versatile.
The large oval berries of Fire Opal are characterized by a combination of sour and sweet tastes with a slight bitterness. The peel on them is very thin, which makes it difficult to transport stably high yields. But the variety has good immunity, allowing it to successfully resist diseases and pests.
The avalanche-like expansion of the areas of cultivation by the edible honeysuckle testifies to the great interest of consumers and gardeners in this crop. Its undoubted gastronomic qualities, combined with high decorative properties and outstanding cold resistance, make it possible to conquer ever wider niches in garden landscapes of the central and northern regions.