Manchurian walnut propagation
Manchurian walnut is a plant that slightly resembles a walnut. His homeland is the Far East. In this article, we will tell you how to propagate a plant and take care of it.
Manchurian walnut description
Belongs to the family Walnut, its second name is Dumbey. The tree grows 30 m high. The duration of his life reaches 300 years. The tree trunk is flat, with a bark of dark gray color. The plant has a long rod root and a powerful root system. Nuts are collected on branches in groups of 2–7 pieces.
Where does the Manchurian tree grow
The usual habitat for Manchurian walnut is the Far East, Korea, and North China. But it can grow under almost any climatic conditions, because the plant withstands frosts down to -50 ° C. Today it is grown in the suburbs, in the Urals, in Siberia, Leningrad and other areas. It is very popular in Russia for landscaping cities.
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Reproduction of Manchurian walnut on the site
Manchurian walnut loves light, but is not afraid of winds and severe frosts. When planting a plant, you need to carefully approach the choice of place. In the allotted area, there should not be any partitions nearby that may create a shadow.Even at an early age, the tree has a branched root system, so there should not be any other nuts or vineyards in the neighborhood.
It can reproduce in two ways:
- The seeds.
If you want to get the first crop for the 4th year, then you need to plant seedlings. When planted with seeds, the harvest will be only in the 10th year.
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Choose a place with fertile soil for growing seeds. You can not plant in acidic soil, so fertilize the plant with wood ash with a calculation of 300 g per 1 m². After this, dig the ground with ash and make holes 6–8 cm high, and the distance between them is 10 cm.Carefully water the wells, use 10–20 L of water. Moisten the seeds in kerosene from rodents and put them sideways in the holes, then cover them with earth and cover with straw to preserve moisture. You can plant in the fall or spring, but it is more efficient to plant in the fall, then the seeds will begin to germinate faster.
Important! Seeds need 2 years of age, and fresh or older ones will not sprout.
For planting in the spring, stratification of the seeds is necessary. There are several ways to stratify:
- Soak the seeds for two months in warm water. Change the water daily, each time lowering the temperature. As a result, it should become + 5 ° С.
- Soak the seeds for a month at a temperature of + 25 ° C, and then dig them in the snow until spring.
- Keep the seeds in the refrigerator all winter, and soak them in warm water 10 days before planting.
Saplings from cuttings
Cuttings are a vegetative method of plant propagation, in which a part (cuttings) is separated from the main tree. You can make such a seedling yourself or buy it in a special nursery.
In order to make a stalk, do the following:
- Cut a branch of 10-15 cm.
- Put it in water.
- Wait for the roots to appear.
- Plant in the landing pit.
Such a stalk will be ready for planting in 2 weeks. If you are planting more than one tree, then keep a distance of 10 m between them. Plant seedlings in a permanent place in early autumn or April.
To do this, prepare a landing pit:
- depth 1 m, and the volume - depending on the roots of the seedling;
- put drainage at the bottom;
- pour a layer of earth that will cover the drainage and part of the pit.
We install a seedling in the center of the pit and tie it to the support. We fill it with earth and pour 10 liters of water. We mulch the soil with sawdust.
Manchu walnut transplant and care technology
A year after planting, the seedling will reach 20–40 cm in height. You can transplant it to a permanent place. Plant in a landing hole and tie up. After transplanting, fill in 10–20 L of water.
In the first year, the tree requires a lot of moisture. Water 2 times a month with 10 liters of water. In the second and subsequent years, watering should be less frequent. Feed once a year. For 10 liters of water, take 100 g of wood ash and 20 g of superphosphate.
Important! Dig a tree every year at the edge of the crown.
In the second year of the tree's life, form a crown. From it you can make:
- a sprawling tree with a wide crown;
- a single-barrel tree with a crown shape in the form of a ball.
Does the shoot give Manchurian nut
The tree gives copious growth from a felled stump. This ability is due to his unique root system. It persists until old age. The tree can be renewed at any time. Manchurian walnut will decorate your site, and its fruits will delight for many years. Thanks to our recommendations, reproduction and care will not be difficult for you.