An ordinary flowering hazel is a small to medium sized bush that is interesting for many gardeners to grow, both for professionals and amateurs. Hazel fruits are better known as hazelnuts. There are varieties of hazel that give flowering only in spring, and there are flowering 2 times a year. Typically, these varieties bloom in April and October. These include American hazel, etc.
When hazel blossoms
In the main part of all types of hazelnuts, flowering begins closer to the end of April or the beginning of May. Flowers bloom before the leaves appear, increasing the likelihood that the wind will successfully transfer pollen grains from male to female. The beginning of flowering is very dependent on temperature and humidity.
In rainy, warm weather, catkins grow slowly, and in dry and warm weather, they grow faster. Upon reaching a daily temperature of + 12 ° C, male earrings can be extended by 3 cm per day.
Important! Hazel pollen is a powerful allergen.
How hazel blossoms
In male trees, flowers are large catkins that can reach a length of 10 cm, while their color changes. Earrings are mostly cream in color with a yellow tint. They begin to appear in the spring, gracefully hanging from the branches of a hazelnut.Ripening, thousands of tiny pollen grains are released from male flowers and, with the help of the wind, settle on female flowers.
Female flowers are somewhat similar to buds. They are quite unsympathetic and inconspicuous, have a reddish-brown tint. Those who still doubt whether to plant a walnut tree in their garden and how attractive the blossoming hazel is, you can see the photo on the Internet to dispel all doubts.
In the middle lane
Winter-hardy harvested varieties of hazel are planted in central Russia. Acclimatized species can reach a height of 10 m. Gardeners say that in the suburbs they manage to collect 4 kg of nuts from a bush per season.
Did you know? Turkey — The largest producer of hazelnuts. The country provides 75% of world production.
For cultivation in the middle lane, such hazelnut varieties are suitable:
- Tambov Early Green Leaf - productivity is up to 6 kg;
- Tambov Late green leaf;
- Trebizond - frost-resistant type of hazelnut. Flowering dates - March-April, ripening - August.
- Isaevsky - frost-resistant hybrid, giving large fruits;
- Moscow ruby - leafy hybrid. Ripening dates - October;
- Ekaterina - large-leaf hybrid, giving a stable yield;
- Firstborn - green leaf hybrid;
- North 42 - green leaf variety suitable for cultivation in regions with severe winters.
Why the walnut tree has not blossomed
If the hazel does not bloom, then it will not bear fruit. Only by creating favorable conditions for the growth of a walnut tree, it is possible to achieve flowering and harvest from walnut varieties. Favorable conditions are: the right choice of place and variety, timely watering, mulching, shelter for the winter, etc.
Important! When growing a walnut tree, it is always taken into account that a single planting will not bear fruit. It is better to plant at least 2 varieties for a reliable crop.
There may be several reasons why the hazel does not bloom, and they can mean the following:
- Wrong variety for cultivation in a particular region.
- Bad weather during walnut pollination.
- Violation of agricultural technology - improper feeding, pruning, watering.
- Incorrect landing - single.
- Freezing in the winter.
- Landing in a draft.
- Dry or boggy soil.
Why bloomed in the fall
Novice gardeners often wonder why hazelnuts bloom in autumn. In fact, the answer lies in the characteristics of some types of nuts. For example, a feature of American hazel is that it can bloom not only in spring but also in autumn (September-October).
Hazel Bear bear has a vegetative period of 167 days. It lasts from late April to late October. Approximately the same periods of the growing season are characteristic of the Lombard walnut. Chinese hazel also has a long growing season, which begins in late April and ends by the end of the first month of autumn.
Did you know? Hazelnuts are used as flavorings for coffee and the manufacture of alcoholic beverages (Italian liquor Frangelico), as well as soft drinks.
What does the appearance of catkins mean?
Golden earrings on hazelnuts mark the arrival of true spring. Their appearance, suggests that all the flowers in the "pendants" -earings are only for men. As they lengthen, the anthers begin to crack and “shoot” pollen, which for bees serves as a storehouse for obtaining bee bread.Pollen is yellow.
Its main purpose is the pollination of female flowers. This happens with the help of the wind. A good way to add variety to your garden is to grow a walnut tree. After a few years, you can enjoy delicious and healthy hazelnuts. Choosing the right variety for your climatic conditions will allow you to collect a generous crop.